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5/10/2020 Sophia Hogg

Achilles Tendinitis

The Achilles tendon is known to join the calf muscle to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon runs down the back of the lower leg. Inflammation can be felt if the tendon is put under severe strain. This condition occurs mainly in runners who might have increased the pace of their running suddenly or have increased the run duration.

Middle-aged people are also prone to this condition if they play certain sports like tennis or basketball only on weekends. Most of the time Achilles tendinitis could be treated simply by being at home and taking rest and care as directed by your doctor.

But if there is a tear or rupture in the tendon, it may require surgical repair. You use this tendon mostly to jump, run, walk, and stand, so it is of vital importance in your life.

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Causes of Achilles Tendinitis

As we know this condition is basically developed due to the heavy straining of this tendon as we walk, run, and stand on our toes. The band of tissues that connects your calf muscle to your heel bones gets strained and all the problems come into being.

As you age your Achilles Tendon weakens with the daily wear and tear of the heels bone. Rheumatoid arthritis and infection in the bones are also related or say lead to Tendonitis. Being aware of this condition in early diagnosis can lower the risks further, and help prevent serious injuries.


There are several lists of causes of Achilles Tendinitis icd 10, some of them are discussed as follows.

  • Using incorrect footwear or say shoes while walking or running: It’s very important to have a comfortable and right size of shoes when you walk or run. If you don’t keep this in mind you are not doing the right thing and calling out for trouble.

  • You need to warm up before exercising: your body is in a resting position before you start to exercise. If you suddenly start to work out, your body is put under higher strain.

  • The sudden introduction of hill running or stair climbing to your daily exercising routine.

  • Increasing the pace or intensity of exercises very quickly: once your body is accustomed to a certain pace, and you suddenly increase it, then it will surely strain your calf muscles and cause inflammation in some cases. So you need to be extra careful while suddenly increasing your pace of exercising as it may have an adverse effect on your body.

  • Running on hard or rough surfaces.

  • Sudden physical activity like running very fast to get to the finish line without practice.

  • Playing sports like Tennis which require sudden stops and quick changing of directions

  • Wearing high heels often or without being in a habit of doing so. Prolonged duration of wearing uncomfortable shoes can worsen your condition and put you at a higher risk of developing Achilles Tendinitis.

  • As you age you might become more prone to this condition, if you do not take the right measures.

Differences in the foot or ankle anatomy can also lead to this condition. Extra bone growth or bone spurs can rub the Achilles tendon and cause unnecessary discomfort and damage.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

The main symptom of the Achilles Tendinitis is a gradual but persistent pain which might worsen with time. This condition develops as you feel mild pain in the leg’s back or above the calf muscle. You might experience severe pain once you start straining yourself suddenly with sudden running, stairs climbing, or sprinting. Many times you might feel stiffness in the mornings in your tendons or leg tendons, which will ease off as you go on with your daily routine.


You might feel the below points in common if you develop Achilles tendinitis:

  • The Achilles tendon might appear sore upon meeting the heel bone.

  • Pain in the Tendon once you run for a prolonged duration. You might feel a sheering pain in the leg’s back of the calf muscles.

  • The Achilles tendon has swollen or formed a bump.

  • When you move or when touched you feel creaking or severe pain.

  • Tightening of calf muscles.

  • When you feel that your heel is warmer than usual to touch, you must seek help.

Achilles Tendinitis Treatments

Many treatments are available for Achilles Tendinitis, the most commonly used one is home remedies like taking proper rest and following the anti-inflammatory medications that your doctor has prescribed. There are many more invasive treatments like platelet plasma injection, steroid injections, and in many cases the last resort surgery. Your doctor might suggest the following:

  • Reduction of your physical activity.

  • If only you want to play, switch to a less tiring or say less strenuous one.

  • Applying ice to the affected area of pain.

  • Gently stretching and after that straightening your calf muscles.

  • Wearing a brace to prevent heel movement.

  • Mild medication like aspirin, ibuprofen, or Advil as prescribed by your doctor.

  • Going to physiotherapy sessions.

  • Shoes which have in-built heels in them, which will not strain your heel muscles and you will be able to wear heels as well.

  • Alternating between high impact exercise and low ones while in pain will less likely stress your tendons. The benefits of this can be seen in the future.

  • You should invest in good compression bandages to ease the pain.

Last but the least method that is surgery. In the worst-case scenario if nothing above works, surgery is the last resort. If not addressed timely you might feel severe pain in the heel area.

One surgical method is open repair and the other one is where the surgeon makes an incision in the region where the rapture has happened in your leg, then they pass needles with sutures, and finally tie the sutures together.

If you or anyone you know is suffering from orthopedics related problems such as Achilles Tendinitis, the expert providers at Specialty Care Live take care of your health and help you recover.

Call 469-805-4561 to book a telehealth appointment for an at-home check-up. You can request a callback from us too.