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7/8/2020 Sophia Hogg

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis throughout the world and is caused by natural wear-and-tear of the bones and joints of your body. It is also called a degenerative joint disease because it mainly affects the joints of your knees, hips, hands, and spine.

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Osteoarthritis Symptoms

The main symptoms of osteoarthritis are as follows -

  • Pain and Stiffness - Joint pain which worsens over time.

  • Loss of flexibility - The movements of your joints are hindered as osteoarthritis progresses.

  • Grating sensation - You may hear popping sounds from your joints and a grating sensation.

  • Inflammation of joint tissue - The swelling affects the joint where cartilage has deteriorated.

  • Bone spurs - Small growths of bone around the affected joint are noticeable over time.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

When the cartilage of your joints deteriorates over time, it leads to Osteoarthritis. When all the cartilage wears off, the bones rub against each other and lead to unbearable pain and inflammation.

Osteoarthritis treatment

Osteoarthritis is treated using three ways - medications, physical therapy, and surgery. Our expert orthopedic doctors and specialists exhaust all non-invasive methods of osteoarthritis treatment before recommending minimally invasive orthopedic surgery.

  • Medications - Acetaminophen, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and Duloxetine are regularly prescribed to relieve the pain.

  • Physical Therapy - A licensed physiotherapist will help you exercise your body without further damaging your joints and keeping you healthy.

  • Injections - Cortisone injections relieve joint pain but should be limited to 3-4 injections per year. Also, hyaluronic acid injections are used to cushion your bones and work as a replacement for your cartilage.

  • Joint replacement surgery - It is also called arthroplasty. The damaged joints are replaced by metal or plastic parts. They are replaced once they are overused.

  • Knee Osteotomy surgery - It is also known as knee replacement surgery. An orthopedic doctor cuts above or below your knee and adds or removes an extra bone piece to shift your body weight from affecting your bad knees.

If you or anyone you know is suffering from debilitating knee and joint pain and if you suspect that you may have osteoarthritisplease consult our expert doctors and get the proper treatment.

Call us on 469-805-4561 or request a callback by submitting your contact details.